Today in History:

Saltville I

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Battle Name: Saltville I
Other Names: None
State: Virginia
Location: Smyth County
Campaign: Burbridge’s Raid into Southwest Virginia (September-October 1864)
Dates: October 2, 1864
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge [US]; Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson [CS]
Forces Engaged: Divisions (11,000 total)
Estimated Casualties: 458 total
Description: Union cavalry and infantry raiders led by Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge attempted to destroy the saltworks near Saltville. He was delayed at Clinch Mountain and Laurel Gap by a makeshift Confederate force, enabling Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson to concentrate troops near Saltville to meet him. On the morning of October 1, the Federals attacked but made little headway. Confederate reinforcements continued to arrive during the day. After day-long fighting, Burbridge retired without accomplishing his objective. Afterwards, Confederate soldiers were said to have murdered, captured, and wounded black soldiers.
Results: Confederate victory

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