||In late Spring 1862, the Confederacy split its forces in Tennessee into several small commands in an
attempt to complicate Federal operations. The Union had to redistribute its forces to counter the Confederate
command structure changes. Maj. Gen. Ormsby Mitchel received orders to go to Huntsville, Alabama, with his
division to repair railroads in the area. Soon, he occupied more than 100 miles along the Nashville & Chattanooga
and Memphis & Charleston railroads. In May, Mitchel and his men sparred with Maj. Gen. Edmund Kirby
Smith’s men. After Mitchel received command of all Federal troops between Nashville and Huntsville, on May 29,
he ordered Brig. Gen. James Negley with a small division to lead an expedition to capture Chattanooga. This force
arrived before Chattanooga on June 7. Negley ordered the 79th Pennsylvania Volunteers out to reconnoiter. It
found the Confederates entrenched on the opposite side of the river along the banks and atop Cameron Hill.
Negley brought up two artillery batteries to open fire on the Rebel troops and the town and sent infantry to the
river bank to act as sharpshooters. The Union bombardment of Chattanooga continued throughout the 7th and
until noon on the 8th. The Confederates replied, but it was uncoordinated since the undisciplined gunners were
allowed to do as they wished. On June 10, Smith, who had arrived on the 8th, reported that Negley had
withdrawn and the Confederate loss was minor. This attack on Chattanooga was a warning that Union troops
could mount assaults when they wanted.