||Fort Wagner II
||Second Assault, Morris Island
||City of Charleston
||Operations against Defenses of Charleston (1863)
||July 18-September 7, 1863
||Maj. Gen. Quincy Gillmore [US]; Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard [CS]
||6,800 total (US 5,000; CS 1,800)
||1,689 total (US 1,515; CS 174)
||After the July 11 assault on Fort Wagner failed, Gillmore reinforced his beachhead on Morris Island.
At dusk July 18, Gillmore launched an attack spearheaded by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, a black regiment.
The unit’s colonel, Robert Gould Shaw, was killed. Members of the brigade scaled the parapet but after brutal
hand-to-hand combat were driven out with heavy casualties. The Federals resorted to siege operations to reduce
the fort. This was the fourth time in the war that black troops played a crucial combat role, proving to skeptics that
they would fight bravely if only given the chance.