||In an attempt to regain control of the state, Confederates wished to recapture the capital at Baton
Rouge. Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge planned a combined land/water expedition with his corps and CSS Ram
Arkansas. Advancing west from Camp Moore, the Confederate land forces, coming from the east, were only ten
miles away on August 4. They reached the outskirts of the capital early in the morning, formed for an attack in two
divisions, and began to drive back each Union unit they encountered. Then, Union gunboats in the river began
shelling the Confederates. The Arkansas could have neutralized the Union gunboats, but her engines failed and she
did not participate in the battle. Federal land forces, in the meantime, fell back to a more defensible line, and the
Union commander, Brig. Gen. Thomas Williams, was killed soon after. The new commander, Col. Thomas W.
Cahill, ordered a retreat to a prepared defensive line nearer the river and within the gunboats’ protection. Rebels
assailed the new line, but finally the Federals forced them to retire. The next day the Arkansas’s engines failed again
as she closed on the Union gunboats; she was blown up and scuttled by her crew. The Confederates failed to
recapture the state capital.