||Franklin-Nashville Campaign (1864)
||October 5, 1864
||Brig. Gen. John M. Corse [US]; Maj. Gen. Samuel G. French [CS]
||One brigade (1,944 men) [US]; one division (approx. 2,000 men) [CS]
||1,505 total (US 706; CS 799)
||After the fall of Atlanta, Hood moved northward to threaten the Western & Atlantic Railroad,
Sherman’s supply line. He attacked a number of minor garrisons and damaged track during October 2-4. Sherman
sent reinforcements -John M. Corse’s brigade- to Allatoona just before the Rebels attacked there. Maj. Gen.
Samuel G. French’s Confederate division arrived near Allatoona at sunrise on the 5th. After demanding a surrender
and receiving a negative reply, French attacked. The Union outer line survived a sustained two and a half hour
attack, but then fell back and regrouped in an earthen "Star" fort of Allatoona Pass. French repeatedly attacked, but
the fort held. The Rebels began to run out of ammunition, and reports of arriving Union reinforcements influenced
them to move off and rejoin Hood’s force.