|In late March, Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside’s army advanced on Fort Macon, a third system
casemated masonry fort that commanded the channel to Beaufort, 35 miles southeast of New Berne. The Union
force invested the fort with siege works and, on April 26, opened an accurate fire on the fort, which soon
breached the masonry walls. Within a few hours the fort’s scarp began to collapse, and the Confederates hoisted a
white flag. This action demonstrated the inadequacy of masonry forts against large-bore, rifled artillery.