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1 Series III Volume I- Serial 122 - Union Letters, Orders, Reports

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Page VIII (Untitled)

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Abstract from monthly returns of the principal U. S. military prisons - Continued.

OCTOBER, 1865.

Transferred.

Prison. On Joined Total. Others Delive Died.

hand . statio ry or

Septem ns. exchan

ber ge.

30,

1865.

Fort 10 ... 10 ... ... ...

Lafayette, N.

Y.

Fort Pickens, 13 ... 13 ... ... 1

Fla.

Old Capitol, 13 4 17 2 ... ...

D. C.

Memoranda.

Prison. Escape Releas Total Sick. Citize

d. ed. loss. ns.

Fort Lafayette, N. Y. ... 6 6 ... 4

Fort Pickens, Fla. 3 2 6 ... 12

Old Capitol, D. C. 1 11 14 ... 6

NOVEMBER, 1865.

Transferred.

Prison. On Joined Total. Other Delive Died.

hand . statio ry or

Octobe ns. exchan

r 31, ge.

1865.

Fort 4 1 5 ... ... ...

Lafayette, N.

Y.

Memoranda.

Prison. Escape Releas Total Sick. Citize

d. ed. loss. ns.

Fort Lafayette, N. Y. ... 1 1 ... a 4

a These four citizen prisoners were subsequently released - one in January, 1866; two in February, 1866, and one in March, 1866.

[NOTE.- With the exception of Andersonville, Ga., there are no regular monthly returns of Confederate prisons on file on the War Department from which an exhibit similar to the foregoing could be prepared for the prisoners held by the Confederate authorities. The returns of Andersonville are published in this series as follows: For June, 1864, Vol. VII, p. 438; July, 1864, ibid., p. 517; August, 1864, ibid., p. 708; October, 1864, ibid., p. 1082; March, 1865, Vol. VIII, p. 459. Such other reports found with the Confederate archives are published in their chronological order.

The principal places for the confinement of Union prisoners held by the Confederate authorities follow:

Americus, Ga.

Andersonville (Camp Sumter), Ga.

Atlanta, Ga.

Augusta, Ga.

Blackshear, Ga.

Cahaba, Ala.

Camp Ford (Tyler), Tex.

Camp Groce (near Hempstead), Tex.

Camp Lawton (Millen), Ga.

Camp Oglethorpe (Macon), Ga.

Charleston, S. C.

Charlotte, N. C.

Columbia, S. C.

Danville, Va.

Florence, S. C.

Lynchburg, Va.

Marietta, Ga.

Mobile, Ala.

Montgomery, Ala.

Petersburg, Va.

Raleigh, N. C.

Richmond (Va.) Prisons-

Belle Isle.

Castle Thunder.

Crew's.

Grant's Factory.

Libby.

Pemberton's.

Scott's.

Smith's Factory.

Salisbury, N. C.

Savannah, Ga.

Shreveport, La.

Tuscaloosa, Ala.]

UNION LETTERS, ORDERS, REPORTS

THE

WAR OF THE REBELLION:

A COMPILATION OF THE

OFFICIAL RECORDS

OF THE

UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES.

PUBLISHED UNDER DIRECTION OF

The Honorable RUSSELL A. ALGER, Secretary of War,

BY

Brigadier General FRED C. AINSWORTH,

CHIEF OF THE RECORD AND PENSION OFFICE, WAR DEPARTMENT,

AND

MR. JOSEPH W. KIRKLEY.

SERIES III-VOLUME I.

WASHINGTON:

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1899.

PREFACE.

The work of preparing the records of the war for public use was begun, under the resolution of Congress of May 19, 1864, by Colonel E. D. Townsend, assistant adjutant-general, U. S. Army (then in charge of the Adjutant-General's Office, and subsequently the Adjutant-General), who caused copies to be made of reports of battles on file in his office and steps to be taken to collect missing records.

Under the provisions of joint resolution of July 27, 1866, Honorable Peter H. Watson was appointed to supervise the preparation of the records and to formulate a plan for their publication, but he performed no service under this appointment, which expired July 27, 1867, by limitation. This resolution having also repealed the former one, the project was suspended for the time being.

The first decisive step taken was the act of June 23, 1874, providing the necessary means "to enable the Secretary of War to begin the publication of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion, both of the Union and Confederate Armies," and directing him "to have copied for the Public Printer all reports, letters, telegrams, and general orders, not heretofore copied or printed, and properly arranged in chronological order." Appropriations have been made form time to time for continuing such preparation. Under this act the preliminary work was resumed by General Townsend.

Subsequently, under meager appropriations, it was prosecuted in a somewhat desultory manner by various subordinates of the War Department until December 14, 1877, when the Secretary of War, perceiving that the undertaking needed the undivided attention of a single head, detailed Captain Robert N. Scott, Third U. S. Artillery (subsequently major and lieutenant-colonel same regiment), to take charge of the office.

The act of June 23, 1874, enlarged upon the first scheme of publication. On this more comprehensive basis it was determined that the volumes should include not only the battle reports, correspondence, etc., in possession of the War Department, but also "all official documents that can be obtained by the compiler, and that appear to be of any historical value." Colonel Scott systematized the work and, upon his recommendation, the Secretary of War approved the following order of publication:

The first series will embrace the formal reports, both Union and Confederate, of the first seizures of United States property in the Southern States, and of all military operations in the field, with the correspondence, orders, and returns relating specially thereto, and, as proposed, is to be accompanied by an Atlas.

In this series the reports will be arranged according to the campaigns and several theaters of operations (in the chronological order of events), and the Union reports of any event will, as a rule, be immediately followed by the Confederate accounts. The correspondence, etc., not embraced in the "reports" proper will follow (first Union and next Confederate) in chronological order.

The second series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns, Union and Confederate, relating to prisoners of war, and (so far as the military authorities were concerned) to state or political prisoners.

The third series will contain the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Union authorities (embracing their correspondence with the Confederate officials) not relating specially tot he subjects of the first and second series. it will set forth the annual and special reports of the Secretary of War, of the General-in-Chief, and of the chiefs of the several staff corps and departments; the calls for troops, and the correspondence between the National and the several State authorities.

The fourth series will exhibit the correspondence, orders, reports, and returns of the Confederate authorities, similar to that indicated for the Union officials, as of the third series, but excluding the correspondence between the Union and Confederate authorities given in that series.

The first volume of the records was issued in the early fall of 1880. The act approved June 16, 1880, provided "for the printing and binding, under direction of the Secretary of War, of 10,000 copies of a compilation of the Official Records (Union and Confederate) of the War of the Rebellion, so far as the same may be ready for publication, during the fiscal year; "and that "of said number 7,000 copies shall be for the use of the House of Representatives, 2,000 copies for the use of the Senate, and 1,000 copies for the use of the Executive Departments." Under this act Colonel Scott proceeded to public the first five volumes of the records.*

---------------

*All subsequent volumes have been distributed under the act approved August 7, 1882, which provides that:

"The volumes of the Official Records of the War of the Rebellion shall be distributed as follows: One thousand copies to the Executive Departments, as now provided by law. One thousand copies for distribution by the Secretary of War among officers of the Army and contributors to the work. eight thousand three hundred copies shall be sent by the Secretary of War to such libraries, organizations, and individuals as may be designated by the Senators, Representatives, and Delegates of the Forty-seventh Congress. Each Senator shall designate not exceeding twenty-six, and each Representative and Delegate not exceeding twenty-one, of such addresses, and the volumes shall be sent thereto from time to time as they are published, until the publication is completed. Senators, Representatives, and Delegates shall inform the Secretary of War in each case how many volumes of those heretofore published they have forwarded to such addresses. The remaining copies of the eleventh thousand to be published, and all sets that may not be ordered to be distributed a provided herein, shall be sold by the Secretary of War for cost of publication with ten percent, added thereto, and the proceeds of such sale shall be covered into the Treasury. If two or more sets of said volumes are ordered to the same address, the Secretary of War shall inform the Senators, Representatives, or Delegates who have designated the same, who thereupon may designate other libraries, organizations, or individuals. The Secretary of War shall report to the first session of the Forty-eight Congress what volumes of the series heretofore published have not been furnished to such libraries, organizations, and individuals. He shall also inform distributes at whose instance the volumes are sent."

---------------

Colonel Scott died March 5, 1887. At his death some twenty-six books only had been issued, but he had compiled a large amount of matter for forthcoming volumes; consequently his name as compiler was retained in all the books up to and including Vol. XXXVI, although his successors had added largely to his complications form new material found after his demise.

The Secretary of War, May 7, 1887, assigned Lieutenant Colonel H. M. Lazelle, Twenty-third U. S. Infantry, to duty as the successor of Colonel Scott. He had continued in charge about two yard, when, in the act approved March 2, 1889, it was provided-

That hereafter the preparation and publication of said records shall be conducted, under the Secretary of War, by a board of three persons, one of whom shall be an officer of the Army, and two civilian experts, to be appointed by the Secretary of War, the compensation of said civilian experts to be fixed by the Secretary of War.

The Secretary of War appointed Major George B. Davis, judge- advocate, U. S. Army, as the military member, and Leslie J. Perry, of Kansas, and Joseph W. Kirkley, of Maryland, as the civilian expert members of said board. The board assumed direction of the publication with Serial Numbers 36 of Vol. XXIV.

July 1, 1895, by direction of the Secretary of War, Major George W. Davis, Eleventh U. S. Infantry (subsequently lieutenant- colonel Fourteenth U. S. Infantry), relieved Major George B. Davis as the military member and president of the Board of Publication. Subsequently Colonel Fred C. Ainsworth, Chief of the Record and Pension Office, War Department, was appointed the military member and president of the board, relieving Lieutenant Colonel George W. Davis June 1, 1898.

December 1, 1898, under the provision of the sundry civil act of July 1, 1898, relative to the War Records Office, the Board of Publication was dissolved, whereupon, by direction of the Secretary of War, the continuance of the work, beginning with Vol. VI, Series, II, devolved on Colonel (now Brigadier-General) Ainsworth.

By operation of law (contained in "An act making appropriations for the legislative, executive, and judicial expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1900," approved February 24, 1899), the War Records Office was merged into the Record and Pension Office, July 1, 1899, and since that date the work of publication has been conducted under the supervision of the chief of that office.

Each volume includes a copious index, and for the further convelence of investigators there will be, in addition, a separate general index to the entire set.

Nothing is printed in these volumes except duly authenticated contemporaneous records of the war. The scope of the compiler's work is to decide upon and arrange the matter to be published; to correct and verify the orthography of the papers used, and, whenever deemed necessary, to add a foot-note of explanation.

CONTENTS.

Page.

Correspondence, Orders, etc., from November 1, 1860,

to March 31, 1862................................... 1-964

1861.

Sunday Monday Tuesda Wednes Thursd Friday Saturd

. . y. day. ay. . ay.

Jan.. .. .. 1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 24 25 26

27 28 29 30 31 .. ..

Feb.. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20 21 22 23 24

March. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

.

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23

24 25 26 27 28 29 30

31 .. .. .. .. .. ..

April. . 1 2 3 4 5 6

.

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28 29 30 .. .. .. ..

May.. .. .. 1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15 16 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30 31 ..

June.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 29

30 .. .. .. .. .. ..

July.. .. 1 2 3 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28 29 30 31 .. .. ..

August .. .. .. .. 1 2 3

..

4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20 21 22 23 24

25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Sept.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

22 23 24 25 26 27 28

29 30 .. .. .. .. ..

Octobe .. .. 1 2 3 4 5

r..

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 24 25 26

27 28 29 30 31 .. ..

Nov.. .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23

24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Decemb 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

er .

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

22 23 24 25 26 27 28

29 30 31 .. .. ..

1862

Sunday Monday Tuesda Wednes Thursd Friday Saturd

. . y. day. ay. . ay.

Jan.. .. .. .. 1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15 16 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30 31 ..

Feb.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 ..

March. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1

.

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 29

April. .. .. 1 2 3 4 5

.

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 24 25 26

27 28 29 30 .. .. ..

May.. .. .. .. .. 1 2 3

4 5 6 7 8 9 10

11 12 13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20 21 22 23 24

25 26 27 28 29 30 31

June.. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 9 10 11 12 13 14

15 16 17 18 19 20 21

22 23 24 25 26 27 28

29 30 ... .. .. .. ..

July.. .. .. 1 2 3 4 5

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16 17 18 19

20 21 22 23 24 25 26

27 28 29 30 31 .. ..

August .. .. .. .. .. 1 2

..

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16

17 18 19 20 21 22 23

24 25 26 27 28 29 30

31 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Sept.. .. 1 2 3 4 5 6

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28 29 30 .. .. .. ..

Octobe .. .. .. 1 2 3 4

r..

5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12 13 14 15 16 17 18

19 20 21 22 23 24 25

26 27 28 29 30 31 ..

Nov.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 1

2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

23 24 25 26 27 28 29

30 .. .. .. .. .. ..

Decemb .. 1 2 3 4 5 6

er .

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

14 15 16 17 18 19 20

21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28 29 30 31 .. .. ..

SERIES III.-VOL. I.

CORRESPONDENCE, ORDERS, REPORTS, AND RETURNS OF THE UNION AUTHORITIES FORM NOVEMBER 1, 1860, TO MARCH 31, 1862.*

ORDNANCE OFFICE, Washington, November 12, 1859.

Honorable JOHN B. FLOYD,

Secretary of War:

SIR: In compliance with your orders of the 1-th instant, I transmit the inclosed tabular statement of the muskets and rifles on hand at each of the armories and arsenals. It does not include the 23,894 flint-lock muskets and 652 flint-lock rifles still remaining unaltered.

I am, sir, with much respect, your obedient servant,

H. K. CRAIG,

Colonel of Ordnance.

[Inclosure.

Statement of the number of serviceable and rifles on hand at each

armory and arsenal.

Name of Muskets Muskets Musket Muskets Muskets Muskets.

the . . s. . .

armory

or

arsenal

.

Altered Altered Made percuss Rifled Total

to to as ion musket, muskets.

percuss Maynard percus since cal.

ion, lock, sion, rifled, .58.

cal. cal. cal. cal.

.69. .69 .69. l69.

Kennebe 24,313 .. .. . .. 24,313

c

Arsenal

, Me..

Waterto 18,050 1 55 .. .. 18,106

wn

Arsenal

,

Mass..

Springf 99,446 1 133,97 4,253 5,303 242,976

ield 3

Armory,

Mass..

Watervl 44,888 1 2 5 46,721

iet 1,825

Arsenal

, N.

Y..

New 884 6 445 .. .. 2,099

York

Arsenal

, N.

Y..

Detroit .. .. 346 .. 100 446

Arsenal

,

Mich..

Frankfo 5,169 8,348 206 2,681 .. 16,404

rd

Arsenal

,m Pa..

Alleghe 824 1 .. 35 11,225

ny 10,365

Arsenal

, Pa..

Pikesvi .. .. 50 .. 1 51

lle

Arsenal

, md..

Washing 23,325 .. 176 152 73,657

ton 50,004

Arsenal

, D.

C..

Harper' 149 2 4,569 737 8,599 14,056

s Ferry

Armory,

Va..

Fort .. .. 301 20 .. 321

monroe

Arsenal

, Va..

Fayette 4,817 .. 2,861 .. .. 6,678

ville

Arsenal

, N. C.

.. .. 2,413 .. .. 2,413

Charles

ton

Arsenal

, S.

C..

Mount 2,364 .. .. .. .. 2,364

Vernon

Arsenal

, N.

C..

Baton 8,266 400 800 610 11,672

Rouge 1,596

Arsenal

, Ala..

San 77 396 285 .. 543 1,301

Antonio

Arsenal

, Tex..

Little .. .. 349 .. .. 349

Rock

Arsenal

, Ark..

Saint 25,990 1,502 325 4,488 710 33,015

Louis

Arsenal

, Mo..

Benicia 14,649 107 2,650 10,812 2,252 30,470

Arsenal

, Cal..

Vancouv 2,533 .. 537 662 31 3,763

er

Arsenal

, Wash.

Ter.

In .. 4,000 .. 9,000 5,000 18,000

transit

u from

armorie

s and

Frankfo

rd to

Califor

nia.

Totals. 275,744 14,765 213,15 33,631 24,105 561,400

5

Rifles. Rifles. Rifles. Rifles.

Altered to Made as New model total

percussion, percussion, rifle, rifles.

cal. .54. al. 54. cal. .58.

Kennebe ... ... ... ...

c

Arsenal

, Me..

Waterto ... 12,855 ... 12,855

wn

Arsenal

,

Mass..

Springf ... ... ... ...

ield

Armory,

Mass..

Watervl ... 9,686 2 9,688

iet

Arsenal

, N.

Y..

New ... 8,307 .. 8,307

York

Arsenal

, N.

Y..

Detroit ... ... ... ...

Arsenal

,

Mich..

Frankfo ... 19 ... 19

rd

Arsenal

,m Pa..

Alleghe ... 1,603 ... 1,603

ny

Arsenal

, Pa..

Pikesvi ... 2 ... 2

lle

Arsenal

, md..

Washing ... 2,300 19 2,319

ton

Arsenal

, D.

C..

Harper' ... 696 3,570 4,266

s Ferry

Armory,

Va..

Fort ... 31 20 51

Monroe

Arsenal

, Va..

Fayette ... 1,685 ... 1,685

ville

Arsenal

, N. C.

... 814 ... 814

Charles

ton

Arsenal

, S.

C..

Mount ... 32 ... 32

Vernon

Arsenal

, N.

C..

Baton 1,385 103 ... 1,488

Rouge

Arsenal

, Ala..

San ... 260 ... 260

Antonio

Arsenal

, Tex..

Little ... 54 ... 54

Rock

Arsenal

, Ark..

Saint ... 236 483 719

Louis

Arsenal

, Mo..

Benicia ... 4,574 ... 4,574

Arsenal

, Cal..

Vancouv ... 118 8 126

er

Arsenal

, Wash.

Ter.

In ... ... ... ....

transit

u from

armorie

s and

Frankfo

rd to

Califor

nia.

Totals. 1,385 43,375 4,102 48,862

H. K. CRAIG,

Colonel of Ordnance.

ORDNANCE OFFICE, Washington, November 12, 1859.

---------------

*Fort all documents relating to the organization of troops on the Pacific Coast, &c., see Series I, Vol. L.

1 R R-SERIES III, VOL I

---------------


Page VIII (Untitled)

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