Nearly 150 years have passed since the largest armed conflict on American soil began. Yet the reasons for what began as political disputes errupting in what eventually became a "Total War" are still hotly debated.
Partisans from each side of the conflict, then as now, have provided reasons for the Civil War which are contradictory.
This section does not attempt to resolve the differences. What you will find here are the reasons given by both sides. An understanding of the Civil War, in our opinion, is obtained through understanding the societal influences of patriotism, human rights, economics and politics in America in the early to mid 1800's. The primal emotions leading to war were therefore rooted in the differences of opinion and belief between North and South with respect to those influences.
The root causes of the Civil War can be broken down into States Rights, Slavery, Political and Economic considerations. Slavery, while listed as a separate cause, had significant influence on the other three. An understanding of the above influences of the time will reveal, however, that slavery should not be considered the sole cause of the Civil War.